Nestled in South Asia, India stands as a captivating blend of ancient history and modern dynamism. With a population of over 1.4 billion, it's the world's second-most populous country. Boasting diverse landscapes, from the snow-capped Himalayas to the palm-fringed beaches of its coastline, India offers a visual feast.

Language Landscape of India

India boasts a linguistic diversity that is unmatched. It is a multilingual nation where it’s common for individuals to be fluent in multiple languages. Each state in India can have its own official language to choose out of 21 additonal languages. The Constitution of India has granted special status to two languages: Hindi and English, as the official languages of communication in the central government of India.

With so many officially recognized languages and hundreds of dialects, language here is more than just a means of communication; it’s a reflection of the nation’s pluralistic identity of 1.4 billion people living there. Here are some intriguing characteristics of Indian languages:

  • Hindi: The official language of India, spoken by a significant portion of the population. Hindi is rooted in the Indo-Aryan language family and has evolved over centuries, carrying traces of ancient languages like Sanskrit. Written in the Devanagari script, Hindi’s script is known for its distinctive characters and phonetic accuracy. It boasts a range of dialects and regional variations. The Hindi film industry, known as Bollywood, has contributed significantly to the popularization of the language both within and beyond India. Now it is a key player in India’s vibrant cultural scene, with literature, music, and cinema being major mediums of expression.
  • Bengali: The sweet-sounding language known for its rich literary heritage.
  • Tamil: One of the world’s oldest languages, known for its intricate script.
  • Punjabi: Characterized by its melodious tone and distinctive script.
  • Marathi: The language of Maharashtra, celebrated for its poetry and theater.
  • Urdu: A language that beautifully combines Persian and Arabic influences.
  • Telugu: Renowned for its ancient literature and vibrant vocabulary.
  • Gondi: Spoken by the Gond tribe, this language employs a unique script that evolved from their rock art tradition.
  • Khasi: Native to the Meghalaya region, Khasi is notable for its matrilineal society, where lineage and property are passed through the mother’s side.
  • Tulu: A language spoken in the coastal region of Karnataka, Tulu boasts a rich heritage of oral literature, including ancient ballads and proverb.
Did you know that?


  • Bollywood’s highest-grossing film, “Dangal” made 10 times more than Hollywood’s highest-grossing film, “Avatar”? 
  • For every 600 films that Hollywood produces, Bollywood makes around 1000? 
  • Shampoo was invented in the 16th century in India, derived from the Sanskrit word meaning “massage”? 
  • Diamonds were first mined in India, and it was the world’s greatest producer until they were discovered in Brazil? 
  • The rejuvenation center in Kerala provides spa days for elephants, catering to 59 clients, as a way of giving back to these sacred animals, which hold significant importance in the region? 
  • The largest religious gathering in India, the Kumbh Mela, a Hindu pilgrimage involving 75 million people, is so immense that it’s visible from space?  
  • The concepts of number zero, yoga, navigation, wireless communication, and the world’s cheapest car, the Tata Nano (which costs around $400), all originated in India? 
  • India has around 1 million millionaires, yet about 35% of the population lives below the poverty line, showcasing a significant wealth gap? 
  • There’s a floating post office in Meghalaya, known as the wettest inhabited place on Earth? 
  • A village in India exists with no doors at all? 
At Diuna Language Services, our dedicated team of language specialists will guarantee that your message truly connects with the Indian audience, capturing the very essence of their culture and language. 🙂

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